Do you know what is the real situation regarding germs in the Retail world?

During these last few weeks we have only heard of viruses, pathogens, microbes, etc. Despite the consequences of the Coronavirus pandemic, we must understand that these pathogens are part of the ecosystem in which we live. We have to realize that we really live surrounded by benign and malignant microorganisms.


It is impossible for the naked eye to notice the microbes that surround us. So we want to make you aware of the reality of germs in the retail world. That’s why we are going to explain in a series of articles where the greatest amounts of pathogens are and the solutions that exist today to fight them.

Many times we don’t know the specific meaning of the biochemical lingo.

Do you know the difference between each one? Today we bring you what each word means.



Organisms similar to plants but without roots, stems or leaves. They are distributed in aquatic and humid environments. They can cause stains on surfaces.

Single-celled organism that can inhabit hosts or anywhere on the planet (in water, land, etc.). These can be benign or malignant. Bacterial infections are usually treated with antibiotics.

Pathogenic microorganism, are microbes that can trigger disease. They can be bacteria, viruses, fungi, or protozoa.

Organism that is home to a pathogen or parasite where it finds shelter and food.

From Ancient Greek “mikro” that means very small and “bio” that means life. Therefore it refers to any microscopic life form, whether benign or harmful to living beings. They can be prokaryotes, bacteria, eukaryotes, protozoa, algae, fungi, or viruses.

An animal or plant organism that lives inside another species, feeding on it and weakening it but without actually killing it.

Stage of the disease in which the virus develops in a person without producing symptoms or producing only mild symptoms.


Element capable of causing disease to its host (human, animal or plant). These microorganisms can be viruses, bacteria, fungi, or protozoa.

Infectious agents that can be measured in nanometers so an electron microscope is necessary to see them. They are 100 times smaller than a cell. Viruses have no cellular structure and require a host to survive. It can be the cell of an animal, person, plant or bacteria. When they enter into a host they usually cause some disease that activates the host immune system. Virus infections are usually treated with antivirals. However, many viruses like a cold or HIV do not have specific treatment. Usually the immune system needs to be strengthened hoping that it will win the battle.

They are basic units of some living things such as bacteria. They do not have a defined nucleus and their DNA is found in the cytoplasm.

It is a generic term that usually includes mushrooms, molds and yeasts. There are more than two hundred types of fungal pathogens for humans. They can produce localized or invasive infections that look like infections by bacteria or viruses.

Microscopic organism that lives in humid or aquatic environments. They are considered as the organisms previous to animals, plants, fungi and algae.

Way of quantifying infection based on the amount of viral agents present in body fluids such as blood.


What is the difference between the terms ANTIBACTERIAL and ANTIMICROBIAL?

  • ANTIBACTERIAL refers to substances that fight the proliferation or infections caused by bacteria.
  • ANTIMICROBIAL refers to substances that act against microorganisms. For example prokaryotes, bacteria, eukaryotes, protozoa, algae, fungi and viruses, killing them or preventing their growth.

What is the difference between a BACTERIA and a VIRUS?

Bacteria and viruses can create disease. However there are bacteria that help us in our day to day as in digestion. Nevertheless, when there is excess and harmful bacteria, they can generate a pathology.

  • REPRODUCTION: Bacteria can multiply while viruses attack healthy cells to transform them.
  • NEED TO LIVE: Bacteria need nothing to live, and viruses need a cell to live.
  • TREATMENT: Antibiotics attack bacteria. However, there is no specific treatment to kill a virus. Treatments often relieve symptoms. But it is the immune system that has to keep the virus at bay.
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And in our next article …

Antimicrobial solutions in Retail

  • Commercial equipment: baskets and carts

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